History in

Onehouse, Harleston and Shelland

Welcome.

The Parish magazine is called OHSMag so perhaps this should be OHS-Hist.  On these webpages we can share information about the OHS Local History Group, AND the history of Onehouse, Harleston and Shelland.

Either read on or click on one of these.

OHS Local History Group
Onehouse
Harleston
Shelland

 

 

 

 

 

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OHS Local History Group

We meet in the Trinity Hall (formerly Church Room), Forest Rd, Onehouse , IP14 3HJ

on the first Tuesday of every month at 7.30, unless advised otherwise. (** below warns that this will be the second Tuesday)

Annual Subs £10, meetings cost £3  for members and visitors £4.

 

Coming Up

 

June 4th                  Visit to Pakenham Water Mill

July 2nd                  Visit to The Suffolk Regiment Museum, IP33 3R

September 3rd         Shepherd & Dog Meal

October 1st                St Edmund and East Anglia  Stephen Govier

November 5th           Bonfires & Bells                       Kate Jewell

December 10th**          AGM and Christmas Party

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Onehouse … In The Beginning

Well we all have to start somewhere so …

Start with the place name of Onehouse. The earliest mention so far is 1086 in the Domesday Survey and it is spelt as Anhus.    It is a Saxon word and means a single or lonely House. The “house” is sometimes translated as a hall. Later it is spelt as Onhus, which is getting dangerously close to our local pronunciation of “Wunnus”

Look at the following map (click on the highlighted text) of listed buildings for Onehouse,

Sketchmap of listed buildings in Onehouse

How many of these old buildings can you name?   What we can see today of these  listed buildings  are timbers dating from the 1600s, but it would be a safe bet that these buildings were made on top of, or adjacent to, older dwellings.

Domesday 1086 …36 households

Somehow there were 36 households here at the time of the Domesday (Just Click Here for a look) Survey in 1086 in 5 separate farm estates.  Use the Map of the listed buildings to help you guess where you would think that these estates were?  That would give us a population estimate between 38 and   144.

 

Poll Tax 1381 ….18 households?

The next time that we got a glimpse of the whole population was in the dreaded Poll Tax returns that contributed to the Peasants Revolt in 1381. If you want more information about this then look HERE.

Shelland, Harleston and Onehouse are combined as a separate entry

But in “Onehowse” the record now shows 24 individuals recorded in 18 households. Here is the list that is still legible. It is interesting to note those names still in use today. A knight of the realm would be 6/- (six old shillings) and the poorest serf would be 4d (4 old pence)

 

Roger & Alice Corper 2/4d
John & Margaret Hevy 2/4d
Lucia H???nt   8d
Henry and Matilda ? 2/4d
Agnes Al ?   8d
Robert & Cristina Hell….. 2/-
John & Alicia ? 2/-
John & Joanna ? 12d
? ? 12d
? ? 20d
? ? 12d
? ? 12d
? ? 12d
? Letyl 12d
? Letyl 12d
? ? 16d
? ? 12d
? Bryd  8d

 

 

 

 

There appears to be an absence of very poor and very rich. At present we have no record of the Corper family being Lords of the Manor.

 

Hearth Tax 1674   …16 households

The next time we get a glimpse of the population of Onehouse is in the the Hearth Tax returns of 1674. Charles II introduced a tax on each hearth in the house. Each house was inspected.  Each chimney usually carried two flues and each flue ended in a hearth. A third hearth indicates a separate flue, possibly in an additional chimney for a kitchen or bake house.

Dwelling Hearths Head of Household
      1      3 Jo Reynolds
      1 Fr Sparrow
      2      3 Richard Crosse
      2 Jo Wright
      3      3 William Desborough
      4      6 Mr Tompson
      5      2 Henry Self
      6      6 Joseph Cutlove, parson
      7      3 Edward Emerson
      8      3 Widow Godwin
      9      2 Goody Lockwood
    10      2 Widow Steadman
    11 Noe Distress Fr Bird
    12 Robert Larvis
    13 Ro Burnham
    14 Jo Walker
    15 Dan. Walker
   16 Jo Johnson

In the returns we see 2 of the dwellings with 6 hearths, suggesting three or more chimneys, one of those was the “parson”  and the other might be the next sizeable building, probably  Onehouse Hall.  We know that John Pettiward  then owned the hall, so  Mr Tompson must have been his tenant.

Those in the “noe distress” category were recognised  by the local officials then as being unable to pay the tax.  Probably they were eligible for some form of poor relief, but whether they got any is another currently unanswered question.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Harleston … In The Beginning

Well we all have to start somewhere so …

Start with the place name of Harleston. The earliest mention so far is 1086 in the Domesday Survey and it is spelt as Heroluestuna.    It is a Saxon word and means Herowulf or Herewulf’s estate or farmstead. Herowulf or Herewulf is a person’s name

Look at the following map (click on the highlighted text) of listed buildings for Harleston

Sketch map of listed buildings in Harleston

How many of these old buildings can you name?   What we can see today of these  listed buildings  are timbers dating from the 1600s, but it would be a safe bet that these buildings were made on top of, or adjacent to, older dwellings.

Domesday 1086 …28 households

Somehow there were 28 households here at the time of the Domesday (Just Click Here for a look)  survey in 1086.  Perhaps we might be missing a few dwellings on our Sketch map. Any thoughts where they could be?

Poll Tax 1381 …9 households

The next time that we got a glimpse of the whole population was in the dreaded Poll Tax returns that contributed to the Peasants Revolt in 1381. If you want more information about this then look HERE.

Shelland, Harleston and Onehouse are combined as a separate entry

But in “Harlistone” we appear to have 24 individuals in 9 households recorded. Here is the list that is still legible. It is interesting to note those names still in use today. A knight of the realm would be 6/- (six old shillings) and the poorest serf would be 4d (4 old pence).

John & Matilda de Freton 2/7d
Roger & Margery Shaldry  2/4d
Roger & Margaret Cokeman 2/4d
John Alderyd 8d
John & Agatha Lilye 20d
Robert & Joanna Syre 20d
Robert & Margaret Mere 20d
Johannes & Agnes Sl??? 2/4d
?? & Margeria Trust 20d

There appears to be an absence of very poor and very rich.

Hearth Tax 1674   …16 households

The next time we get a glimpse of the population of “Harlston” is in the the Hearth Tax returns of 1674. Charles II introduced a tax on each hearth in the house. Each house was inspected.  Each chimney usually carried two flues and each flue ended in a hearth. A third hearth indicates a separate flue, possibly in an additional chimney for a kitchen or bake house.

Dwelling Hearths Head of Household
1 2 Thomas Shawe
1 Thomas Osborne
2 4 An Darkin
2 Thomas Brooke
3 3 Edward Lyst
4 2 Thomas Osborne
5 2 Jo Driver
5 Chr Rowland
6 3 Robert Garnham
7 6 Mr. Crosman
9-16 poor received collection.

 

In the returns we only see just 1 dwelling with 6 hearths , making it look like a likely contender for “Harlston” Hall.

It is interesting to note that 8 dwellings  were recorded as “poor no collection”. These were 8 dwellings where the household were recognised  by the local officials then as being unable to pay the tax.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Shelland … In The Beginning

Well we all have to start somewhere so …

Start with the place name of  Shelland. The earliest mention so far is 1086 in the Domesday Survey and it is spelt as Sellanda.    It is a Saxon word and means newly cultivated land on an edge or a shelf. From this it looks as if Shelland was only recently brought under the plough at the time of Domesday.

Look at the following map (click on the highlighted text) of listed buildings for   Shelland

A Sketch map to show the listed buildings in Shelland

How many of these old buildings can you name?   What we can see today of these  listed buildings  are timbers dating from the 1600s, but it would be a safe bet that these buildings were made on top of, or adjacent to, older dwellings.

Domesday 1086… 4 households

There were 4 households here at the time of the Domesday (Just Click here for a look)  survey in 1086.  The buildings at the bottom of the map appear to be a lost settlement straddling the border with neighbouring villages. Note that Shelland Hall is now in the parish of Rattleden, someone redrew the boundary here!

With all that in mind it does seem uncanny that Shelland can still show 4 main farming estates.

Poll Tax 1381 … 19 households

The next time that we got a glimpse of the whole population was in the dreaded Poll Tax returns that contributed to the Peasants Revolt in 1381. If you want more information about this then look HERE.

Shelland, Harleston and Onehouse are combined as a separate entry

But in “Shellond” we appear to have 29 individuals and 19 households recorded. Here is the list that is still legible. It is interesting to note those names still in use today. A knight of the realm would be 6/- (six old shillings) and the poorest serf would be 4d (4 old pence)

John Hegsete 20d
John & Alicia Hamond 2/4d
John & Cecilia atte Fen 2/-
Thomas and Margery Tynton 2/6d
John & Margery Mundegome 2/-
John & Anita atte Hell 16d
John Scot 6d
Margery Broun 8d
William Tynton 12d
Marioita Hamond 12d
Robert& Margery Cokeman 2/-
John and Margery de Halle 2/-
Amica de Halle 12d
John & Joanna atte cros 2/4d
William & Margaret Letyl 2/4d
Roger Benet 8d
John & “Amicia” Cobbe 2/-
Matilda Trrist 10d
Margeria B…oun 10d

 

There appears to be an absence of very poor and very rich.

Hearth Tax 1674   …14 households

The next time we get a glimpse of the population of  Shelland is in the the Hearth Tax returns of 1674. Charles II introduced a tax on each hearth in the house. Each house was inspected.  Each chimney usually carried two flues and each flue ended in a hearth. A third hearth indicates a separate flue, possibly in an additional chimney for a kitchen or bake house.

Dwelling Hearths Head of Household
1 2 Jo Johnson
2 11 Mr Reeve
3 2 Edmund Harris
4 1 Jo Johnson
5 5 Jo Pooly
6 3 Jo Mudd
7 3 Widow Marriott
8 5 Widow Allum
9 Cert for 1 Jo Jurden
9 Cert for 2 Henry Carver
10 cert for 1 Mat Motham
10 cert for 1 Jo Wolfe
11 Cert for 4 Widow Pole
11 Widow Button

 

Here in Shelland we now have records for  11 dwellings and 14 households.